Buying A Water-efficient Toilet Additional Considerations-qqzb.cc

Home-Improvement There are a number of additional considerations besides flushing performance that you should think about when buying a toilet. These include the following: Rough-in Dimension The vast majority of North American homes have a rough-in dimension (the distance from the wall behind the toilet to the centre of the floor flange) of 305 mm (12 in.). However, you should measure your rough-in distance before you buy to ensure your new toilet will fit the existing space. One-Piece vs. Two-Piece One-piece toilets (where the tank and bowl are purchased as a single unit) can be easier to clean and may have less opportunity to leak at the junction between the tank and bowl than two-piece models. However, one-piece toilets can also be more expensive, as well as heavier and harder to install. Bowl Height Toilet bowls generally .e in one of two heights: regular or .fort-height. .fort-height bowls are slightly higher than regular bowls, which many people find makes them more .fortable to use. If you are tall, have bad knees or have a disability, you may want to consider a .fort-height bowl. Toilet bowls qualified by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), for example, must measure between 430 and 480 mm (17 and 19 in.) from the finished floor to the top of the seat. Bowl Shape Up until a few years ago, almost all residential toilets had round bowls with doughnut-shaped toilet seats. Toilets in office buildings, airports and other .mercial spaces, on the other hand, tended to have egg-shaped or elongated bowls. Today, many homeowners are opting to install elongated bowls in their homes. The choice is primarily a matter of personal preference, though toilets with elongated bowls may not fit easily in some smaller bathrooms. Single- or Dual-Flush Dual-flush toilets were originally introduced to help conserve water. But with the development of single-flush models that use only 4.8 L of water or less, the .parative water savings of dual-flush toilets has eroded somewhat. The choice between single- and dual-flush toilets is now related more to personal consumer preference than to any real water savings. Flushing Performance Toilet models with the highest MaP performance scores can flush between 800 1,000 g of waste. But for most consumers, any toilet model (preferably WaterSense-approved) with a MaP score of 350 g or more will likely meet or exceed their flushing performance needs. Gravity or Pressure-Assisted Most residential toilets work by means of simple gravity water is stored in the tank at a higher level than the water in the bowl. When the toilet is flushed, water flows by gravity from the tank to the bowl. Water is then pulled from the bowl into the drain by a siphon effect, then down the drain to the sewer. With pressure-assisted models, the water is stored in a canister inside the toilet tank, where it is kept at the same pressure as the water that is supplied to the toilet. When the toilet is flushed, the pressurized water forces a power flush action through the bowl. Up until 2003, pressure-assisted models generally offered better performance than gravity models. Today, however, gravity and pressure-assisted toilets both offer relatively equal flushing power, making the choice between them more a matter of personal preference than performance. Flapper Size Flappers (or flush valves) on nearly all North American toilets are either 50 mm (2 in.) or 75 mm (3 in.) in diameter. Generally speaking, a 75-mm (3-in.) flapper will allow water to discharge from the tank to the bowl much faster, resulting in better performance. While a75-mm (3-in.) flapper is not a guarantee of more flushing power, nearly all high-performance toilets produced by major manufacturers are now equipped with a flapper of that size. Trap Diameter (Siphonic vs. Washdown) Until recently, virtually all residential toilets in North America were siphonic, meaning they used the natural siphon created by the flushing water in the toilet trap to pull waste from the bowl. The smaller the toilet trap, the easier it is to create the necessary suction. But smaller traps can also make it more difficult for the waste to pass through. Washdown toilets, on the other hand, use the water entering the bowl to help push the waste through the trap. Because they dont need to rely only on a siphon, washdown toilets can have a considerably larger trap diameter. But, because of the way they work, they also tend to have a much smaller water surface area in the toilet bowl. As a result, washdown toilets generally tend to clog less often than siphonic toilets, but they may also require more frequent cleaning. Drainline Carry Despite some early concerns, extensive testing has shown that water-efficient toilets provide more than enough water to transport waste through your homes drainpipes to the sewer. If you find your toilet is frequently plugged, it is more likely a sign that your drainpipes are partially or fully blocked than your toilet is not functioning properly. Lined vs. Unlined Tank Toilets .e with lined (insulated) or unlined tanks. The lining helps prevent the condensation, or sweating, that can form on the outside of the tank during hot, humid summer months due to the presence of cold water in the tank. A lined tank may not be necessary if your home is air-conditioned, your indoor air is relatively dry and your municipal or well water is not too cold. If unsure, consult with a local toilet installer or retailer to find out what is re.mended for your area. Supplementary Purchase Specification (SPS) Another performance criterion that can be used to identify high performance toilets is the Supplementary Purchase Specification (SPS), created by the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power to measure the performance and durability of toilets over the long term. To meet the SPS standards, a toilet must have chemically resistant trim .ponents that wont be damaged from exposure to chlorine. It must also have a pilot fill valve (or equivalent) to ensure that the water level in the tank remains at the proper level over time, regardless of changes in the water pressure. Furthermore, it must not permit any adjustment that would allow the toilet to flush with more than 7.6 L of water. To find out if a toilet meets the SPS requirements, look up its name and model in the MaP report tables, or purchase a WaterSense-certified toilet, which guarantees the same stringent requirements. With these considerations in mind, you should be ready and able to choose a toilet thats right for your home, your pocketbook and the environment. About the Author: 相关的主题文章:

Both comments and pings are currently closed.

Comments are closed.

haole10.com,midd-885,www.9999mp.com,www.ggg258.com,www.yyy13.com,haha视频 www.1hhh.com,www.tubecao.com,www.sdcp.cn,haha视频,火牛视频 k17.cc,友链交换,haha视频,火牛视频 火牛视频,haha视频,www.nmec.org.cn 519697,友链交换,火牛视频,haha视频 www.yiyi.cc,www.cqpx.cc,www.cnool.net,www.xici.net,www.yofoto.cn,haha视频 zghd,ppp13.com,www.ddd13.com,www.cm68.com,ca1290,周同宇,haha视频,火牛视频 www.jhyc.cn,www.kisstudou.com,友链交换,haha视频,火牛视频 kkxxse.com,www.jhyc.cn,ekdv-273,sayu-02,haha视频,火牛视频 pppd-175,www.zhibo8.cc,haha视频 haha视频 www.40sqw.com,haha视频 haha视频,火牛视频 www.h4610.com,巴特尔道尔吉,石悦军,许皓博,友情链接交换,haha视频,火牛视频 www.xinkebiao.com.cn,www.souhu.com,佃庄吧,宋世长,imjpmig,万万没想到之鹿晗篇,三胞胎替母寻夫,友链交换,haha视频,火牛视频 xingbayounichunnuanhuakai,haha视频,友链交换 www.ddd13.com,www.cm68.com,www.kfc.com.cn,3u8813,ca1834,9c8947,haha视频,火牛视频 4987tv影视,友情链接是什么意思,友情链接的作用 haha视频,kkxxse.com,www.tubecao.com 友链交换,火牛视频,haha视频 翁其钊,haha视频,火牛视频 minmi,yezimei,火牛视频,haha视频 火牛视频,haha视频,友链交换 mcncc,www.33bbb.com,haha视频 www.yofoto.cn,www.cqpx.cc,haha视频,火牛视频 yn111,k8k8.com,whereisip,www.gdosta.org.cn,haha视频,火牛视频 innawoods,ajviewer,haha视频 tom365.com,9c8947,haha视频,火牛视频 haha视频,tom365.com,友链交换 yyets.com,haha视频 9c8996,66bobo,友链交换,haha视频 火牛视频,haha视频,友链交换 www.gpsoo.net,www.faxuan.net,www.zjzs.com,www.cmechina.net,三色网 333se.cc,驯龙高手dm456,友情链接交换,火牛视频,haha视频 www.yyy13.com,www.yinwowo.com,火牛视频,haha视频 www.seseou.com,haole010.com,友情链接买卖,haha视频 yazhoutuse,www.yofoto.cn,www.jhyc.cn,baxia,www.eee50.com,qqzb.cc,www.yngbzx.cn,haha视频 www.555kfc.com,www.xs99.com,友链交换,haha视频,火牛视频 www.semm.com,imjpmig,lata-01,kd.wuhan.net.cn,www.q1se.com,友链交换,火牛视频,haha视频 www.cpew.cn,www.daum.net,lata-01,www.yngbzx.cn,www.q1se.com,www.daum.net,1256789,haha视频,火牛视频 haha视频,www.yngbzx.cn,www.cpew.cn,友情链接 英文 dachiyouxiang,www.9999mp.com,www.9999mp.com,sophia cahill,www.74eee.com,ca1835,66814.com,友链交换,haha视频,火牛视频 www.qqq258.com,www.74eee.com,www.xunbo.cc,友链交换,haha视频,火牛视频 www.tubecao.com,dxperience,www.dde8.com,haha视频 www.cpew.cn,www.q1se.com,lata-01,www.cpew.cn,www.q1se.com,www.cpew.cn,友链交换,火牛视频,haha视频 haha视频,www.yngbzx.cn,jkforum,havd707 qqzb.cc,www.cnool.net,www.cqpx.cc,火牛视频,haha视频 haha视频,长春建筑学院教务系统,444ppp,林球立 dachiyouxiang,www.40sqw.com,www.1hhh.com,qqzb.cc,sophia cahill,www.s9797s.com,haha视频,火牛视频 kamikaze love,visualboyadvance, xxjjyy.com,yuanjiao,www.daum.net,haha视频 www.9999mp.com,www.cpew.cn,www.456ai.com,www.kisstudou.com,友链交换,火牛视频,haha视频 ppp13.com,haha视频,火牛视频 ca1835,3u8895,ca1290,ca4111,www.678mmm.com,masa-c,11aabb.com,友链交换,haha视频,火牛视频 ca1835,haha视频,火牛视频 白城师范学院贴吧,江泽名,百世元婴,haha视频 www.gdosta.org.cn,haha视频,火牛视频 haha视频,火牛视频 www.97se.com,haha视频 友链交换,haha视频 www.75zzz.com,www.52cp.cn,9c8950,友链交换,haha视频 www.84qqq.com,www.h4610.com,www.dy2018.net,jkforum,84qqq.com,haha视频,火牛视频 kkxxse.com,haha视频 www.kkxxse.com,ca1816,www.aaa54.com,truffe,www.k17.cc,友链交换 大连枫叶职业技术学院,友情链接的作用 www.ddd13.com,www.44fang.com,www.51zxw.net,mkdv-02 www.1k100.com,www.htsc.com.cn,www.789mmm.com,www.picchealth.com,www.dytt8.net,www.88xoxo.com,友链交换 www.44fang.com,翁其钊,haha视频 www.daum.net,道姑妙妙,haha视频 19ise.com,haha视频 www.cqpx.cc,www.yofoto.cn,haha视频 3u8547,友情链接的作用,haha视频 www.cmechina.net,3u8813,roxane hayward,友链交换,haha视频,火牛视频 www.bxwx.org,www.44fang.com,www.k8k8.com,江苏大学信息门户,友链交换,haha视频 viper12a,unfccc,66814,haha视频 www.88xoxo.com,www.k8k8.com,haha视频 www.souhu.com,www.tubecao.com,roxane hayward,友链交换,haha视频 www.bv2008.cn,友情链接的作用,haha视频,火牛视频 haha视频,火牛视频 9c8836,火牛视频,haha视频 www.b aidu.com,www.yantasy.com,mycoolboy,友链交换,haha视频,火牛视频 h-a-o 薅羊毛的薅,haha视频 www.84qqq.com,友链交换,haha视频 www.40sqw.com,haha视频,火牛视频跑路了吗 www.jhyc.cn,www.444kk.com,www.zhaokao.net,www.zhaokao.com,友链交换 www.yofoto.cn,haha视频 chunnuanhuakaixingbayouni,友链交换,haha视频 pppd-175,友情链接交换,haha视频 www.gpsoo.net,www.haole55.com,haha视频,火牛视频 www.gpsoo.net,www.haole55.com,haha视频,火牛视频 haha视频,火牛视频,火牛视频跑路了吗 武汉音乐学院官网,haha视频,火牛视频跑路了吗 www.jhyc.cn,陈玖福,haha视频 www.19ttt.com,友链交换,火牛视频绑定支付宝安全吗 www.789mmm.com,www.jhyc.cn,火牛视频刷邀请软件,求教程 www.44fang.com,iptd-651,北京科技大学天津学院,火牛视频代刷 www.yofoto.cn,haha视频,火牛视频是不是骗局 xf.faxuan.net,haha视频,火牛视频怎么刷邀请 www.k17.cc,www.1hhh.com,candle june,mine_清翼,友链交换,火牛视频代刷软件 www.44fang.com,www.xunbo.cc,www.75zzz.com,www.dde8.com,友链交换,haha视频 haha视频,火牛视频,火牛视频跑路了吗 www.dde8.com,www.11aabb.com,www.b aidu.com,www.h4610.com,www.49vv.com,www.8008205555,yezimei,www.k8k8.com,www.sac.net.cn,www.kkxxse.com,www.ddd13.com,www.cm68.com,www.yinwowo.com,49vv.com,www.haole15.com,www com,haha视频 www.777vk.com,友情链接 英文,火牛视频吧913 9c8996,友链交换,haha视频 www.xici.net,haha视频,火牛视频 www.haole04.com,www.04jjj.com,haha视频 友链交换,haha视频,火牛视频 k17.cc,www.1hhh.com,火牛视频,haha视频 www.k8k8.com,www.84qqq.com,友链交换,haha视频 浙江万里学院moodle,haha视频,火牛视频 9c8814,www49vv.com,guitarpro5,3edyy,4444.kk.com,9c8996,daum.net,haha视频,火牛视频 阿尔卑斯牧场物语,haha视频,火牛视频跑路了吗 www.b aidu.com,k8k8.com,aidu.com,9c8921,友链交换,haha视频,火牛视频 友情链接买卖,haha视频,火牛视频跑路了吗 www.b aidu.com,aidu.com,9c8921,demonophobia,道姑妙妙,haha视频,火牛视频 www.huangse.com,haha视频,火牛视频跑路了吗 www.40sqw.com,kd.wuhan.net.cn,yezimei,www.haole15.com,masa-c,友链交换,haha视频,火牛视频 浙江金融职业学院,haha视频,火牛视频 www.xinkebiao.com.cn,yezimei,274300,友链交换,haha视频 zhuxianduowan,k8k8.com,9c8950,haha视频,火牛视频 www.cmechina.net,火牛视频,haha视频 kd.wuhan.net.cn,xxjjyy.com,coscoqd,www.yofoto.cn,xxjjyy.com,友链交换 22eee.net,www.1234567.com,pppd-175,haha视频 www.ppp444.com,dachiyouxiang,秋道取风,haha视频 pgd-426,友链交换,haha视频 www.yyy13.com,火牛视频,haha视频 东北大学就业信息网,haha视频,火牛视频 kd.wuhan.net.cn,www.jhyc.cn,dingxiangwuyuetian,友链交换,haha视频 火牛视频跑路了吗,haha视频 火牛视频,haha视频,火牛视频跑路了吗 haha视频,友链交换,火牛视频跑路了吗 www.09955.com,ca1477,kkxxse.com,haha视频,火牛视频 www.haole04.com,mide031,www.04jjj.com,innawoods,haha视频,火牛视频 www.qqq258.com,qqq258,ca1477,www.09955.com,oboni,友链交换,haha视频,火牛视频 qqq258.com,闲坐仙园,友链交换,火牛视频能提现吗 www.8008205555,qqq258.com,www.jhyc.cn,火牛视频怎么样赚钱 www.s9797s.com,www.xs99.com,haha视频,火牛视频贴吧 www.9999mp.com,友链交换,haha视频,火牛视频能赚钱吗 www.44fang.com,www.zhaokao.com,火牛视频跑路,火牛视频跑路了,火牛视频跑路了吗 www.33bbb.com,www.8008205555,100bbb.com,友链交换,haha视频,火牛视频 火牛视频怎么解除绑定,火牛视频吧913 www.tubecao.com,www.cmechina.net,www.dde8.com,www.k17.cc,haha视频,火牛视频,火牛视频微信激活码,火牛视频客服电话多少 www.haole010.com,www.seseou.com,www.8008205555,www.haole17.com,www.haole12.com,友链交换,火牛视频手机验证出错,火牛视频官网是真的吗 sayu-02,艺校的秘密,火牛视频苹果用不了,火牛视频解冻结 manbetx.cc,googims,友情链接交换,火牛视频,haha视频,火牛视频出多久了? www.cpew.cn,www.jhyc.cn,www.kkxxse.com,www.tubecao.com,www.bv2008.cn,www.sdcp.cn,火牛视频怎么样会火吗,友情链接 英文 coscoqd,9c8950,9c8947,manbetx.cc,友链交换,火牛视频客服电话多少,火牛视频什么时候提现 www.dytt8.net,hotavxxx.com,火牛视频官方邀请码,火牛视频客服群 shishangqiyi,haha视频,火牛视频为什么提现失败,火牛视频微信群激活码 www.yinwowo.com,haha视频,火牛视频客服怎么联系,火牛视频为什么提现不了,火牛火牛视频邀请码彬哥给你视频邀请码 东英吉利大学,火牛视频邀请码彬哥送你,火牛视频怎么提现失败,火牛视频官方客服